Table of Contents

 Volume 1

  ThA1LP -- Opening Ceremony and Plenary Lecture
       1   The Comparative Study of Spoken-Language Processing
                  Anne Cutler

  ThA2L1 -- Large Vocabulary
       2   New Developments in the INRS Continuous Speech Recognition System
                  Z. Li, M. Heon, Douglas O'Shaughnessy
       6   On Designing Pronunciation Lexicons for Large Vocabulary, Continuous Speech Recognition
                  Lori Lamel, Gilles Adda
      10   Word Graph Rescoring Using Confidence Measures
                  Pablo Fetter, Frédéric Dandurand, Peter Regel-Brietzmann
      14   A Bottom-up Approach for Handling Unseen Triphones in Large Vocabulary Continuous Speech Recognition
                  X.L. Aubert, Peter Beyerlein, Meinhard Ullrich
      18   Discriminative Optimisation of Large Vocabulary Recognition Systems
                  V. Valtchev, P.C. Woodland, S. J. Young
      22   Japanese Large-vocabulary Continuous-speech Recognition using a Business-newspaper Corpus
                  Tatsuo Matsuoka, Katsutoshi Ohtsuki, Takeshi Mori, Sadaoki Furui, Katsuhiko Shirai
      26   Handling Compound Nouns in a Swedish Speech-understanding System
                  David Carter, Jaan Kaja, Leonardo Neumeyer, Manny Rayner, Fuliang Weng, Mats Wiren
      30   Initial Evaluation of a Preselection Module for a Flexible Large Vocabulary Speech Recognition System in
           Telephone Environment
                  J. Macias-Guarasa, A. Gallardo, J. Ferreiros, Jose M. Pardo, L. Villarrubia

  ThA2L2 -- Multimodal ASR (Face and Lips)
      34   Asynchronous Integration of Visual Information in an Automatic Speech Recognition System
                  Mamoun Alissali, Paul Deleglise, Alexandrina Rogozan
      38   Audiovisual Speech Recognition using Multiscale Nonlinear Image Decomposition.
                  I.A. Matthews, J. Bangham, S.J. Cox
      42   Robust Audiovisual Integration using Semicontinuous Hidden Markov Models
                  Qin Su, Peter L. Silsbee
      46   The Effect of Visual Information on Word Initial Consonant Perception of Dysarthric Speech
                  Richard P. Schumeyer, Kenneth E. Barner
      50   A Multiple Deformable Template Approach for Visual Speech Recognition
                  Devi Chandramohan, Peter L. Silsbee
      54   Speaker Independent Bimodal Phonetic Recognition Experiments
                  P. Cosi, E. Magno Caldognetto, F. Ferrero, M. Dugatto, K. Vagges
      58   Speechreading using Shape and Intensity Information
                  Juergen Luettin, Neil A. Thacker, Steve W. Beet
      62   Speaker Identification by Lipreading
                  Juergen Luettin, Neil A. Thacker, Steve W. Beet

  ThA2L3 -- Perception of Words
      66   How Word Onsets Drive Lexical Access and Segmentation: Evidence from  Acoustics, Phonology and Processing
                  David W. Gow Jr., Janis Melvold, Sharon Manuel
      70   RAW: A Real-speech Model for Human Word Recognition
                  David van Kuijk, Peter Wittenburg, Ton Dijkstra
      74   How Facilitatory can Lexical Information Be During Word Recognition? Evidence from Moroccan Arabic
                  Mehdi Meftah, Sami Boudelaa
      78   Effects of Frequency on the Auditory Perception of Open- Versus Closed-class Words
                  Alette P. Haveman
      82   Phonotactic and Metrical Influences on Adult Ratings of Spoken Nonsense Words
                  Michael S. Vitevitch, Paul A. Luce, Jan Charles-Luce, David Kemmerer
      86   Lipreading Supplemented by Voice Fundamental Frequency: To What Extent Does the Addition of Voicing Increase
           Lexical Uniqueness for the Lipreader?
                  Edward T. Auer Jr., Lynne E. Bernstein
      90   Strategies Used in Rhyme-Monitoring
                  S. te Riele, S.G. Nooteboom, H. Quené
      94   How do Dutch Listeners Process Words with Epenthetic Schwa?
                  Wilma van Donselaar, Cecile Kuijpers, Anne Cutler

  ThA2P1 -- Phonetics, Transcription, and Analysis
      98   Whole-word Phonetic Distances and the PGPfone Alphabet
                  Patrick Juola, Philip Zimmermann
     102   Automatic Vowel Quality Description using a Variable Mapping to an Eight Cardinal Vowel Reference Set
                  Shuping Ran, J. Bruce Millar, Phil Rose
     106   Automatic Detection and Segmentation of Pronunciation Variants in German Speech Corpora
                  Andreas Kipp, Maria-Barbara Wesenick, Florian Schiel

     110   ANGIE: A New Framework for Speech Analysis Based on Morpho-phonological Modelling
                  Stephanie Seneff, Raymond Lau, Helen Meng
     114   Perceptual Contrast  in the Korean and English Vowel System Normalized
                  Byunggon Yang
     118   On Phonetic Characteristics of Pause in the Korean Read Speech
                  Yong-Ju Lee, Sook-hyang Lee
     121   Cross-Language Effects of Lexical Stress in Word Recognition: The Case of Arabic English Bilinguals
                  Sami Boudelaa, Mehdi Meftah
     125   Automatic Generation of German Pronunciation Variants
                  Maria-Barbara Wesenick
     129   Estimating the Quality of Phonetic Transcriptions and Segmentations of Speech Signals
                  Maria-Barbara Wesenick, Andreas Kipp
     133   An Acoustic Analysis of Contemporary Vowels of the Standard Slovenian Language
                  Bojan Petek, Rastislav Sustarsic,Smiljana Komar
     137   Using Decision Trees to Construct Optimal Acoustic Cues
                  Sandrine Robbe, Anne Bonneau, Sylvie Coste, Yves Laprie
     141   Maximum Jaw Displacement in Contrastive Emphasis
                  Donna Erickson, Osamu Fujimura
     145   Subglottal Pressure and Final Lowering in English
                  Rebecca Herman, Mary Beckman, Kiyoshi Honda
     149   Phonological Variation: Epenthesis and Deletion of Schwa in Dutch
                  Cecile Kuijpers, Wilma van Donselaar, Anne Cutler

  ThA2P2 -- Spoken Language Processing for Special Populations
     153   Feedback Considerations for Speech Training Systems
                  James J. Mahshie
     157   Clinical Applications of Computer-Based Speech Training for Children with Hearing Impairment
                  Anne-Marie Öster
     161   Enhancing Information-rich Regions of Natural VCV and Sentence Materials Presented in Noise
                  Valerie Hazan, Andrew Simpson
     165   Speech Perceptual Abilities of Children with Specific Reading Difficulty (Dyslexia)
                  Valerie Hazan, Alan Adlard
     169   Bimodal Perception of Spectrum Compressed Speech
                  Larry D. Paarmann, Michael K. Wynne
     173   Effect of Sentential Context on Syllabic Stress Perception by Hearing-impaired Listeners
                  Dragana Barac-Cikoja, Sally Revoile
     176   Applications of Automatic Speech Recognition to Speech and Language Development in Young Children
                  Martin Russell, Catherine Brown, Adrian Skilling, Rob Series, Julie Wallace, Bill Bohnam, Paul Barker
     180   Sub-band Adaptive Speech Enhancement for Hearing Aids
                  D. R. Campbell
     184   Adapting a TTS System to a Reading Machine for the Blind
                  Thomas Portele, Juergen Kraemer

  ThA2S1 -- Dialogue Special Session I
     188   Modeling of Spoken Dialogue with and without Visual Information
                  Katsuhiko Shirai
     192   Multimodal Discourse Modelling in a Multi-user Multi-domain Environment
                  Stephanie Seneff, David Goddeau, Christine Pao, Joseph Polifroni
     196   Automatic Acquisition of Probabilistic Dialogue Models
                  Kenji Kita, Yoshikazu Fukui, Masaaki Nagata, Tsuyoshi Morimoto
     200   Units of Dialogue Management: An Example
                  Paul Heisterkamp, Scott McGlashan
     204   Error Resolution During Multimodal Human-computer Interaction
                  Sharon Oviatt, Robert VanGent
     208   Improved Spontaneous Dialogue Recognition Using Dialogue and Utterance Triggers by Adaptive Probability Boosting
                  Ramesh R. Sarukkai, Dana H. Ballard
     212   Speech Recognition for Spontaneously Spoken German Dialogues
                  Kai Hübener, Uwe Jost, Henrik Heine
     216   Using Prosodic Information to Constrain Language Models for Spoken Dialogue
                  Paul Taylor, Hiroshi Shimodaira, Stephen Isard, Simon King, Jacqueline Kowtko

  ThP1L1 -- Language Modeling I
     220   Combination of Word-based and Category-based Language Models
                  T.R. Niesler, P.C. Woodland
     224   A Multi-level Lexical-semantics Based Language Model Design for Guided Integrated Continuous Speech Recognition
                  Francisco J. Valverde-Albacete, Jose M. Pardo
     228   A Category Based Approach for Recognition of Out-of-Vocabulary Words
                  Florian Gallwitz, Elmar Noeth, Heinrich Niemann
     232   Scalable Backoff Language Models
                  Kristie Seymore, Ronald Rosenfeld
     236   Modeling Long Distance Dependence in Language: Topic Mixtures vs. Dynamic Cache Models
                  R. Iyer, Mari Ostendorf
     240   Bayesian Estimation Methods for N-Gram Language Model Adaptation
                  Marcello Federico

  ThP1L2 -- Feature Extraction for Speech Recognition I
     244   Feature Dimension Reduction Using Reduced-Rank Maximum Likelihood Estimation for Hidden Markov Models
                  Don X. Sun
     248   Using Multi-Level Segmentation Coefficients to Improve HMM Speech Recognition
                  Kai Hübener
     252   A Comparative Study of Linear Feature Transformation Techniques for Automatic Speech Recognition
                  T. Eisele, R. Haeb-Umbach, D. Langmann
     256   Inclusion of Temporal Information into Features for Speech Recognition
                  Ben Milner
     260   New Cepstral Representation using Wavelet Analysis and Spectral Transformation for Robust Speech Recognition
                  Hubert Wassner, Gérard Chollet
     264   Wavelet Based Feature Extraction for Phoneme Recognition
                  C.J. Long, S. Datta

  ThP1L3 -- Speech Production - Measurement and Modeling
     268   Extraction of Tongue Contours in X-ray Images with Minimal User Interaction
                  Yves Laprie, Marie-Odile Berger
     272   Three-dimensional Measurement of the Vocal Tract by MRI
                  Didier Demolin, Thierry Metens, Alain Soquet
     276   Syllable Affiliation of Final Consonant Clusters Undergoes a Phase Transition Over Speaking Rates
                  Philip Gleason, Betty Tuller, J. A. Scott Kelso
     279   Towards a Biomechanical Model of the Larynx
                  Arthur Lobo, Michael O'Malley
     283   Generating Intonation by Superposing Gestures
                  Yann Morlec, Gérard Bailly, Vèronique Aubergé
     287   Effects of Auditory Feedback on F0 Trajectory Generation
                  Hideki Kawahara, Hiroko Kato, J. C. Williams

  ThP1P1 -- Speech Coding / HMMs and NNs in ASR
     291   On the Effects of Accent and Language on Low Rate Speech Coders
                  I. S. Burnett, J. J. Parry
     295   VQ Codevector Index Assignment Using Genetic Algorithms for Noisy Channels
                  J.S. Pan, Fergus R. McInnes, Mervyn A. Jack
     299   An Improved Vector Quantization Algorithm for Speech Transmission Over Noisy Channels
                  Gavin C. Cawley
     302   Very Low Delay and High Quality Coding of 20 Hz-15 kHz Speech Signals at 64 kbit/s
                  C. Murgia, G. Feng, A. Le Guyader, C. Quinquis
     306   Application of Speaker Modification Techniques to Phonetic Vocoding
                  Carlos M. Ribeiro, Isabel M. Trancoso
     310   Entropy Coded Vector Quantization with Hidden Markov Models
                  Tadashi Yonezaki, Kiyohiro Shikano
     314   An Application of Recurrent Neural Networks to Low Bit Rate Speech Coding
                  Minoru Kohata
     318   CELP Coding System Based on Mel-Generalized Cepstral Analysis
                  Kazuhito Koishida, Keiichi Tokuda, Takao Kobayashi, Satoshi Imai
     322   Wideband Re-synthesis of Narrowband CELP-coded Speech Using Multiband Excitation Model
                  Cheung-Fat Chan, Wai-Kwong Hui
     326   Recurrent Neural Networks for Phoneme Recognition
                  Takuya Koizumi, Mikio Mori, Shuji Taniguchi, Mitsutoshi Maruya
     330   A Model for the Acoustic Phonetic Structure of Arabic Language using a Single Ergodic Hidden Markov Model
                  M.A. Mokhtar, A. Zein-el-Abddin
     334   Modelling Long Term Variability Information in Mixture Stochastic Trajectory Framework
                  Yifan Gong, Irina Illina, Jean-Paul Haton
     338   Segmental Phonetic Features Recognition by means of Neural-fuzzy Networks and Integration in an N-best Solutions
                  T. Moudenc, R. Sokol, G. Mercier
     342   Stochastic Trajectory Model with State-Mixture for Continuous Speech Recognition
                  Irina Illina, Yifan Gong
     346   Recognition of Spelled Names over the Telephone
                  Hermann Hild, Alex Waibel
     350   Optimal Tying of HMM Mixture Densities using Decision Trees
                  Gilles Boulianne, Patrick Kenny
     354   Speech Recognition Using an Enhanced FVQ Based on a Codeword Dependent Distribution Normalization and Codeword
           Weighting by Fuzzy Objective Function
                  Hwan Jin Choi, Yung Hwan Oh
     358   Using the Self-Organizing Map to Speed up the Probability Density Estimation for Speech Recognition with Mixture
           Density HMMs
                  Mikko Kurimo, Panu Somervuo

  ThP1S1 -- Dialogue Special Session II
     362   Combining the Detection and Correction of Speech Repairs
                  Peter A. Heeman, Kyung-ho Loken-Kim, James F. Allen
     366   Generating Spontaneous Elliptical Utterance
                  Yuji Sagawa, Wataru Sugimoto, Noboru Ohnishi
     370   Developing the Modelling of Swedish Prosody in Spontaneous Dialogue
                  Gösta Bruce, Marcus Filipsson, Johan Frid, Björn Granström, Kjell Gustafson, Merle Horne, David House,
                  Birgitta Lastow, Paul Touati
     374   Spoken Language Generation in a Multimedia System
                  Shimei Pan, Kathleen R. McKeown
     378   Synthesizing Dialogue Speech of Japanese Based on the Quantitative Analysis of Prosodic Features
                  Keikichi Hirose, Mayumi Sakata, Hiromichi Kawanami
     382   Spoken Dialogue Interface in a Dual Task Situation
                  Shuichi Tanaka, Shu Nakazato, Keiichiro Hoashi, Katsuhiko Shirai

  ThP1S2 -- Neural Models of Speech Processing I
       *   How is Information About Speech Encoded in the Peripheral Auditory System?
                  Eric D. Young
       *   Spectral Shape Analysis in the Central Auditory System
                  Shihab Shamma

  ThP2L1 -- Language Modeling II
     386   Modeling Disfluencies in Conversational Speech
                  Man-hung Siu, Mari Ostendorf
     390   Evaluation of a Language Model using a Clustered Model Backoff
                  John Miller, Fil Alleva
     394   Language Modeling Using X-grams
                  Antonio Bonafonte, José B. Mariño
     398   Class Phrase Models For Language Modelling
                  Klaus Ries, Finn Dag Buo, Alex Waibel
     402   Introducing Linguistic Constraints into Statistical Language Modeling
                  Petra Geutner
     406   Language Modeling with Stochastic Automata
                  Jianying Hu, William Turin, Michael K. Brown

  ThP2L2 -- Feature Extraction for Speech Recognition II
     410   New Fast Wavelet Packet Transform Algorithms for Frame Synchronized Speech Processing
                  Andrzej Drygajlo
     414   Frequency-Warping in Speech
                  S. Umesh, L. Cohen, N. Marinovic, D. Nelson
     418   Extracting Speech Features from Human Speech-like Noise
                  Daisuke Kobayashi, Shoji Kajita, Kazuya Takeda, Fumitada Itakura
     422   Subband-Crosscorrelation Analysis for Robust Speech Recognition
                  Shoji Kajita, Kazuya Takeda, Fumitada Itakura
     426   A New ASR Approach Based on Independent Processing and Recombination of Partial Frequency Bands
                  Hervé Bourlard, Stéphane Dupont
     430   Frequency and Time Filtering of Filter-bank Energies for HMM Speech Recognition
                  Climent Nadeu, José B. Mariño, Javier Hernando, Albino Nogueiras

  ThP2L3 -- Vowels
     434   Temporal Cues for Vowels and Universals of Vowel Inventories
                  Carrie E. Lang, John J. Ohala
     438   Acoustic Variability in Spontaneous Conversational Speech of American English Talkers
                  Ann K. Syrdal
     442   Cross-language Speech Perception: Swedish, English, and Spanish Speakers' Perception of Front Rounded Vowels
                  Raquel Willerman, Patricia K. Kuhl
     446   Inter-language Vowel Perception and Production  by Korean and Japanese Listeners
                  John C.L. Ingram, See-Gyoon Park
     450   Intelligibility and Acoustic Correlates of Japanese Accented English Vowels
                  Diane Kewley-Port, Reiko Akahane-Yamada, Kiyoaki Aikawa
     454   Segmentation Strategies for Spoken Language Recognition: Evidence from Semi-bilingual Japanese Speakers of English
                  Kiyoko Yoneyama

  ThP2P1 -- NNs and Stochastic Modeling
     458   Integrating Connectionist, Statistical and Symbolic Approaches for Continuous Spoken Korean Processing
                  Geunbae Lee, Jong-Hyeok Lee, Kyubong Park, Byung-Chang Kim
     462   Towards ASR on Partially Corrupted Speech
                  Hynek Hermansky, Sangita Timberwala, Misha Pavel
     466   Parametric Trajectory Models for Speech Recognition
                  Herbert Gish, Kenney Ng

     470   Use of Gaussian Selection in Large Vocabulary Continuous Speech Recognition Using HMMs
                  K.M. Knill, M.J.F. Gales, S. J. Young
     474   Cross Phone State Clustering using Lexical Stress and Context
                  J. Hogberg, K. Sjolander
     478   Likelihood Ratio Decoding and Confidence Measures for Continuous Speech Recognition
                  Eduardo Lleida, Richard C. Rose
     482   A Study on Continuous Chinese Speech Recognition Based on Stochastic Trajectory Models
                  Xiaohui Ma, Yifan Gong, Yuqing Fu, Jiren Lu, Jean-Paul Haton
     486   A Proposal for a New Algorithm of Reference Interval-free Continuous DP for Real-time Speech or Text Retrieval
                  Yoshiaki Itoh, Jiro Kiyama, Hiroshi Kojima, Susumu Seki, Ryuichi Oka
     490   Language Modeling by String Pattern N-gram for Japanese Speech Recognition
                  Akinori Ito, Masaki Kohda
     494   Statistical Language Modeling using a Variable Context Length
                  Reinhard Kneser
     498   A Comparison of Hybrid HMM Architectures Using Global Discriminative Training
                  Finn Tore Johansen
     502   Improved Probability Estimation with Neural Network Models
                  Wei Wei, Etienne Barnard, Mark Fanty
     506   A Neural Network Using Acoustic Sub-word Units for Continuous Speech Recognition
                  Ha-Jin Yu, Yung-Hwan Oh
     510   On the Error Criteria in Neural Networks as a Tool for Human Classification Modelling
                  Louis F. M. ten Bosch, Roel Smits
     514   A Non-linear Filtering Approach to Stochastic Training of the Articulatory-acoustic Mapping Using the EM Algorithm
                  Gordon Ramsay
     518   A Tool for Automated Design of Language Models
                  Y.P. Yang, J.R. Deller Jr.
     522   Acoustic-phonetic Decoding Based on Elman Predictive Neural Networks
                  F. Freitag, E. Monte
     526   On Improving Discrimination Capability of an RNN Based Recognizer
                  Tan Lee, P.C. Ching
     530   An Evaluation of Statistical Language Modeling for Speech Recognition using a Mixed Category of Both Words and
                  Yumi Wakita, Jun Kawai, Hitoshi Iida

  ThP2S1 -- Dialogue Special Session III
     534   A Dialogue Control Strategy Based on the Reliability of Speech Recognition
                  Yasuhisa Niimi, Yutaka Kobayashi
     538   SpeechWear: A Mobile Speech System
                  Alexander I. Rudnicky, Stephen Reed, Eric H. Thayer
     542   WHEELS: A Conversational System in the Automobile Classifieds Domain
                  Helen Meng, Senis Busayapongchai, James Glass, David Goddeau, Lee Hetherington, Edward Hurley, Christine
                  Pao, Joseph Polifroni, Stephanie Seneff, Victor Zue
     546   Effective Human-computer Cooperative Spoken Dialogue: The AGS Demonstrator
                  M.D. Sadek, A. Ferrieux, A. Cozannet, P. Bretier, F. Panaget, J. Simonin
     550   Dialog in the RAILTEL Telephone-based System
                  S.K. Bennacef, L. Devillers, S. Rosset, Lori Lamel
     554   Dialogue Processing in a Conversational Speech Translation System
                  Alon Lavie, Lori Levin, Yan Qu, Alex Waibel, Donna Gates, Marsal Gavaldà, Laura Mayfield, Maite Taboada

  ThP2S2 -- Neural Models of Speech Processing II
     558   Novel Speech Processing Mechanism Derived from Auditory Neocortical Circuit Analysis
                  Boris Aleksandrovsky, James Whitson, Gretchen Andes, Gary Lynch, Richard Granger
     562   Modeling Neurons in the Anteroventral Cochlear Nucleus for Amplitude Modulation (AM) Processing: Application to
           Speech Sound
                  Ping Tang, Jean Rouat
     566   Noise Suppression and Loudness Normalization in an Auditory Model-based Acoustic Front-end
                  Halewijn Vereecken, Jean-Pierre Martens
     570   A Psychoacoustic Model for the Noise Masking of Voiceless Plosive Bursts
                  Jim Hant, Brian Strope, Abeer Alwan
     574   Training Machine Classifiers to Match the Performance of Human Listeners in a Natural Vowel Classification Task
                  Martin Hunke, Thomas Holton
     578   A Neural Matrix Model for Active Tracking  of  Frequency-modulated Tones
                  Kiyoaki Aikawa, Hideki Kawahara, Minoru Tsuzaki

 Volume 2

  FrA1L1 -- Utterance Verification and Word Spotting
     582   A User-Configurable System for Voice Label Recognition
                  Richard C. Rose, Eduardo Lleida, G.W. Erhart, R.V. Grubbe
     586   Keyword Spotting Enhancement for Video Soundtrack Indexing
                  Philippe Gelin, Chris. J. Wellekens
     590   New Efficient Fillers for Unlimited Word Recognition and Keyword Spotting
                  Rachida El Méliani, Douglas O'Shaughnessy
     594   Automatic Transcription of General Audio Data: Preliminary Analyses
                  Michelle S. Spina, Victor Zue
     598   Transcribing Radio News
                  Francis Kubala, Tasos Anastasakos, Hubert Jin, Long Nguyen, Richard Schwartz
     602   Correcting Recognition Errors via Discriminative Utterance Verification
                  Anand R. Setlur, Rafid A. Sukkar, John Jacob

  FrA1L2 -- Acquisition/Learning Training L2 Learners
     606   Does Training in Speech Perception Modify Speech Production?
                  Reiko Akahane-Yamada, Yoh'ichi Tohkura, Ann R. Bradlow, David B. Pisoni
     610   Phrase-Final Lengthening and Stress-Timed Shortening in the Speech of Native Speakers and Japanese Learners of
                  Motoko Ueyama
     614   Japanese Accentuations by Foreign Students and Japanese Speakers of Non-Tokyo Dialect
                  Nobuko Yamada
     618   Devoicing of Japanese Vowels by Taiwanese Learners of Japanese
                  J. Kevin Varden, Tsutomu Sato
     622   Fluency and Use of Segmental Dialect Features in the Acquisition of a Second Language (French) by English Speakers
                  Danièle Archambault, Catherine Foucher, Blagovesta Maneva
     626   Estimating Child and Adolescent Formant Frequency Values From Adult Data
                  P. Martland, S.P. Whiteside, Steve W. Beet, L. Baghai-Ravary

  FrA1L3 -- Focus, Stress and Accent
     630   Acoustic Correlates of Linguistic Stress and Accent in Dutch and American English
                  Agaath M.C. Sluijter, Vincent J. van Heuven
     634   On the Levels of Accentuation in Spoken Japanese
                  Hiroya Fujisaki, Sumio Ohno, Osamu Tomita
     638   Tonal Distinctions Between Emphatic Stress and Pretonic Lengthening in Quebec French
                  Linda Thibault, Marise Ouellet
     642   Distinction Between 'Normal' Focus and 'Contrastive/Emphatic' Focus
                  Anja (Petzold) Elsner
     646   Perception of Tonal Accent by Americans Learning Japanese
                  Yukihiro Nishinuma, Masako Arai, Takako Ayusawa
     650   Modeling Intra-Speaker Pitch Range Variation: Predicting F0 Targets when "Speaking Up"
                  Elizabeth Shriberg, D. Robert Ladd, Jacques Terken

  FrA1P1 -- Spoken Language Dialogue and Conversation
     654   Predicting Dialogue Acts for a Speech-To-Speech Translation System
                  Norbert Reithinger, Ralf Engel, Michael Kipp, Martin Klesen
     658   Automatic Speech Translation Based on the Semantic Structure
                  Johannes Müller, Holger Stahl, Manfred Lang
     662   A Methodology for Application Development for Spoken Language Systems
                  Lewis M. Norton, Carl E. Weir, K.W. Scholz, Deborah A. Dahl, Ahmed Bouzid
     665   A New Restaurant Guide Conversational System: Issues in Rapid Prototyping for Specialized Domains
                  Stephanie Seneff, Joseph Polifroni
     669   Semantic Interpretation of a Japanese Complex Sentence in an Advisory Dialogue - Focused on the Postpositional
           Word "KEDO,'' Which Works as a Conjunction Between Clauses
                  Tadahiko Kumamoto, Akira Ito
     673   A Korean Morphological Analyzer for Speech Translation System
                  Youngkuk Hong, Myoung-Wan Koo, Gijoo Yang
     677   Generic and Domain-specific Aspects of the Waxholm NLP and Dialog Modules
                  Rolf Carlson, Sheri Hunnicutt
     681   A Real-Time System for Summarizing  Human-Human Spontaneous Spoken Dialogues
                  Megumi Kameyama, Goh Kawai, Isao Arima
     685   Evaluation of Spoken Language Understanding and Dialogue Systems
                  Bernd Hildebrandt, Heike Rautenstrauch, Gerhard Sagerer
     689   Inter-Speaker Interaction of F0 in Dialogs
                  Kuniko Kakita
     693   A Robust Dialogue System for Making an Appointment
                  Hans Brandt-Pook, Gernot A. Fink, Bernd Hildebrandt, Franz Kummert, Gerhard Sagerer
     697   Segmentation of Spoken Dialogue by Interjections, Disfluent Utterances and Pauses
                  Kazuyuki Takagi, Shuichi Itahashi
     701   A Form-Based Dialogue Manager for Spoken Language Applications
                  David Goddeau, Helen Meng, Joe Polifroni, Stephanie Seneff, Senis Busayapongchai
     705   The Design of Complex Telephony Applications Using Large Vocabulary Speech Technology
                  S.J. Whittaker, D.J. Attwater
     709   Building 10,000 Spoken Dialogue Systems
                  Stephen Sutton, David G. Novick, Ronald A. Cole, Pieter Vermeulen, Jacques de Villiers, Johan Schalkwyk,
                  Mark Fanty
     713   Speaker Intention Modeling for Large Vocabulary Mandarin Spoken Dialogues
                  Yen-Ju Yang, Lee-Feng Chien, Lin-Shan Lee
     717   Hybrid Language Models and Spontaneous Legal Discourse
                  P.E. Kenne, Mary O'Kane
     721   Topic Change and Local Perplexity in Spoken Legal Dialogue
                  P.E. Kenne, Mary O'Kane
     725   Intonational Cues to Discourse Structure in Japanese
                  Jennifer J. Venditti, Marc Swerts
     729   Principles for the Design of Cooperative Spoken Human-Machine Dialogue
                  Niels Ole Bernsen, Hans Dybkjær, Laila Dybkjær
     733   Development and Comparison of Three Syllable Stress Classifiers
                  Karen L. Jenkin, Michael S. Scordilis

  FrA1P2 -- Speech Disorders
     737   Interaction of Speech Disorders with Speech Coders: Effects on Speech Intelligibility
                  D.G. Jamieson, Li Deng, M. Price, Vijay Parsa, J. Till
     741   Detecting Arytenoid Cartilage Misplacement through Acoustic and Electroglottographic Jitter Analysis
                  Maurílio N. Vieira, Arnold G. D. Maran, Fergus R. McInnes, Mervyn A. Jack
     745   Robust F0 and Jitter Estimation in Pathological Voices
                  Maurílio N. Vieira, Fergus R. McInnes, Mervyn A. Jack
     749   Speech Monitoring of Infective Laryngitis
                  F. Plante, H. Kessler, B.M.G. Cheetham, J. Earis
     753   Searching for Nonlinear Relations in Whitened Jitter Time Series
                  J. Schoentgen, R. De Guchteneere
     757   Vocal Fold Pathology Assessment using AM Autocorrelation Analysis of the Teager Energy Operator
                  Liliana Gavidia-Ceballos, John H.L. Hansen, James F. Kaiser
     761   Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) in the Treatment of Hypernasality
                  David P. Kuehn
     764   Enhancement of Alaryngeal Speech by Adaptive Filtering
                  Carol Y. Espy-Wilson, Venkatesh R. Chari, Caroline B. Huang
     768   Simulation of Disordered Speech Using a Frequency-Domain Vocal Tract Model
                  Li Deng, Xuemin Shen, D.G. Jamieson, J. Till
     772   A Stochastic Model of Fundamental Period Perturbation and Its Application to Perception of Pathological Voice
                  Yasuo Endo, Hideki Kasuya
     776   A Screening Test for Speech Pathology Assessment Using Objective Quality Measures
                  Eric J. Wallen, John H.L. Hansen
     780   Recent Advances in Hypernasal Speech Detection using the Nonlinear Teager Energy Operator
                  Douglas A. Cairns, John H.L. Hansen, James F. Kaiser

  FrA1S1 -- Vocal Tract Geometry I
     784   Human Palate and Related Structures: Their Articulatory Consequences
                  Kiyoshi Honda, Shinji Maeda, Michiko Hashi, Jim Dembowski, John R. Westbury
     788   A Continuum Mechanics Representation of Tongue Deformation
                  Edward P. Davis, Andrew Douglas, Maureen Stone
     793   From MRI and Acoustic Data to Articulatory Synthesis: A Case Study of the Lateral Approximants in American English
                  Philbert Bangayan, Abeer Alwan, Shrikanth Narayanan
     797   Liquids in Tamil
                  Shrikanth Narayanan, Abigail Kaun, Dani Byrd, Peter Ladefoged, Abeer Alwan

  FrA2L1 -- Prosody in ASR and Segmentation
     801   Modeling Hyperarticulate Speech during Human-computer Error Resolution
                  Sharon Oviatt, Gina-Anne Levow, Margaret MacEachern, Karen Kuhn
     805   Using Stress to Disambiguate Spoken Thai Sentences Containing Syntactic Ambiguity
                  Siripong Potisuk, Mary P. Harper, Jackson T. Gandour
     809   Use of Prosodic Information to Integrate Acoustic and Linguistic Knowledge in Continuous Mandarin Speech
           Recognition with Very Large Vocabulary
                  Hung-yun Hsieh, Ren-yuan Lyu, Lin-shan Lee
     813   Word  Boundary Detection using Pitch Variations
                  G.V. Ramana Rao, J. Srichand
     817   Detection of Phrase Boundaries in Japanese by Low-Pass Filtering of Fundamental Frequency Contours
                  Atsuhiro Sakurai, Keikichi Hirose
     821   A New Method for Speech Delexicalization, and its Application to the Perception of French Prosody
                  V. Pagel, N. Carbonell, Yves Laprie

  FrA2L2 -- Acquisition and Learning by Machine
     825   Task Adaptation for Dialogues Via Telephone Lines
                  Udo Bub
     829   The Influence of Bigram Constraints on Word Recognition by Humans: Implications for Computer Speech Recognition
                  Ronald A. Cole, Yonghong Yan, Troy Bailey
     833   ALICE: Acquisition of Language In Conversational Environment  -  An Approach to Weakly Supervised Training of
           Spoken Language System  for Language Porting
                  Tetsunori Kobayashi
     837   Pitch Pattern Clustering of User Utterances in Human-Machine Dialogue
                  Takashi Yoshimura, Satoru Hayamizu, Hiroshi Ohmura, Kazuyo Tanaka
     841   Simplifying Language through Error-correcting Decoding
                  J.C. Amengual, E. Vidal, J.M. Benedí
     845   A Mixed Approach to Speech Understanding
                  Mauro Cettolo, Anna Corazza, Renato De Mori

  FrA2L3 -- Dialogue Systems
     849   Speech Recognition for an Information Kiosk
                  J.L. Gauvain, J.J. Gangolf, L. Lamel
     853   Localizing an Automatic Inquiry System for Public Transport Information
                  Helmer Strik, Albert Russel, Henk van den Heuvel, Catia Cucchiarini, Louis Boves
     857   Prompt Constrained Natural Language - Evolving the Next Generation of Telephony Services
                  Stephen M. Marcus, Deborah W. Brown, Randy G. Goldberg, Max S. Schoeffler, William R. Wetzel, Richard R.
     861   Key-Phrase Detection and Verification for Flexible Speech Understanding
                  Tatsuya Kawahara, Chin-Hui Lee, Biing-Hwang Juang
     865   Interactive Recovery from Speech Recognition Errors in Speech User Interfaces
                  Bernhard Suhm, Brad Myers, Alex Waibel
     869   Estimation of Language Models for New Spoken Language Applications
                  Sunil Issar

  FrA2P1 -- Speech Enhancement and Robust Processing
     873   H-infinity Filtering for Speech Enhancement
                  Xuemin Shen, Li Deng, Anisa Yasmin
     877   A Comparitive Analysis of Channel-Robust Features and Channel Equalization Methods for Speech Recognition
                  Saeed V. Vaseghi, Ben Milner
     881   Robust Speech Recognition Features Based on Temporal Trajectory Filtering of Frequency Band Spectrum
                  Jia-lin Shen, Wen-liang Hwang, Lin-shan Lee
     885   Durational Modelling for Improved Connected Digit Recognition
                  Kevin Power
     889   Study on the Dereverberation of Speech Based on Temporal Envelope Filtering
                  Carlos Avendano, Hynek Hermansky
     893   Estimating Markov Model Structures
                  Thorsten Brants
     897   A Fertility Channel Model for Post-Correction of Continuous Speech Recognition
                  Eric K. Ringger, James F. Allen
     901   Restoration of Wide Band Signal from Telephone Speech using Linear Prediction Error Processing
                  Hiroshi Yasukawa
     905   Smoothed Spectral Subtraction for a Frequency-Weighted HMM in Noisy Speech Recognition
                  Hiroshi Matsumoto, Noboru Naitoh
     909   A Simple Architecture for using Multiple Cues in Sound Separation
                  William S. Woods, Martin Hansen, Thomas Wittkop, Birger Kollmeier
     913   On the Robust Automatic Segmentation of Spontaneous Speech
                  Bojan Petek, Ove Andersen, Paul Dalsgaard
     917   Bayesian Adaptation of Speech Recognizers to Field Speech Data
                  C.G. Miglietta, C. Mokbel, D. Jouvet, J. Monné
     921   Sub-band Adaptive Filtering Applied to Speech Enhancement
                  A. J. Darlington, D. J. Campbell
     925   Noise Robust Estimate of Speech Dynamics for Speaker Recognition
                  J.P. Openshaw, John S. Mason
     929   Overview of Speech Enhancement Techniques for Automatic Speaker Recognition
                  Javier Ortega-García, Joaquín González-Rodríguez
     933   Dynamic Features for Segmental Speech Recognition
                  Naomi Harte, Saeed V. Vaseghi, Ben Milner
     937   Speech Recognition Based on a Model of Human Auditory System
                  Takuya Koizumi, Mikio Mori, Shuji Taniguchi
     941   APVQ Encoder Applied to Wideband Speech Coding
                  J.M. Salavedra, E. Masgrau
     945   Simple Fast Vector Quantization of the Line Spectral Frequencies
                  Jin Zhou, Yair Shoham, Ali Akansu

  FrA2S1 -- Vocal Tract Geometry II
     949   Speaker Individualities of Vocal Tract Shapes of Japanese Vowels  Measured by Magnetic Resonance Images
                  Chang-Sheng Yang, Hideki Kasuya
     953   Vocal Tract Acoustics Using the Transmission Line Matrix (TLM) Method
                  S. El-Masri, X. Pelorson, P. Saguet, P. Badin
     957   Building Sensori-motor Prototypes from Audiovisual Exemplars
                  Gérard Bailly
     961   Parameterized VT Area Function Inversion
                  Mats Båvegård, Gunnar Fant
     965   An Improved Vocal Tract Model of Vowel Production Implementing Piriform Resonance and Transvelar Nasal Coupling
                  Jianwu Dang, Kiyoshi Honda
     969   Pseudo-articulatory Speech Synthesis for Recognition using Automatic Feature Extraction from X-Ray Data
                  C. S. Blackburn, S. J. Young

  FrP1L1 -- Speaker Adaptation and Normalization I
     973   N-best-based Instantaneous Speaker Adaptation Method for Speech Recognition
                  Tomoko Matsui, Sadaoki Furui
     977   Mixture Splitting Technic and Temporal Control in a HMM-based Recognition System
                  C. Montacié, M.-J. Caraty, C. Barras
     981   A Unified Spectral Transformation Adaptation Approach for Robust Speech Recognition
                  Lei Yao, Dong Yu, Taiyi Huang
     985   On-line Adaptive Learning of the Correlated Continuous Density Hidden Markov Models for Speech Recognition
                  Qiang Huo, Chin-Hui Lee
     989   Speaker Adaptation by Modeling the Speaker Variation in a Continuous Speech Recognition System
                  Nikko Ström
     993   An Enquiring System of Unknown Words in TV News by Spontaneous Repetition (Application of Speaker Normalization by
            Speaker Subspace Projection)
                  Yasuo Ariki, Shigeaki Tagashira

  FrP1L2 -- Spoken Language and NLP I
     997   Language Understanding using Hidden Understanding Models
                  Richard Schwartz, Scott Miller, David Stallard, John Makhoul
    1001   Processing of Semantic Information in Fluently Spoken Language
                  Allen L. Gorin
    1005   Automatic Linguistic Segmentation of Conversational Speech
                  Andreas Stolcke, Elizabeth Shriberg
    1009   Towards Understanding Spontaneous Speech:  Word Accuracy vs. Concept Accuracy
                  M. Boros, W. Eckert, Florian Gallwitz, G. Görz, G. Hanrieder, Heinrich Niemann
    1013   A Stochastic Case Frame Approach for Natural Language Understanding
                  Wolfgang Minker, S.K. Bennacef, J.L. Gauvain
    1017   Improving Speech Understanding by Incorporating Database Constraints and Dialogue History
                  Frank Seide, Bernhard Rüber, Andreas Kellner

  FrP1L3 -- Spoken Discourse Analysis/Synthesis
    1021   A New Discourse Structure Model for Spontaneous Spoken Dialogue
                  Tetsuro Chino, Hiroyuki Tsuboi
    1025   An Architecture for Spoken Dialogue Management
                  David Duff, Barbara Gates, Susann LuperFoy
    1029   Pausing Strategies in Discourse in Dutch
                  Monique E. van Donzel, Florien J. Koopmans-van Beinum
    1033   Filled Pauses as Markers of Discourse Structure
                  Marc Swerts, Anne Wichmann, Robbert-Jan Beun
    1037   The Prosodic Analysis of Korean Dialogue Speech - Through a Comparative Study with Read Speech
                  Cheol-jae Seong, Minsoo Hahn
    1041   Changing the Topic: How Long Does it Take?
                  Mary O'Kane, P.E. Kenne

FrP1P1 -- Acoustic Modeling I
    1045   Learning Pronunciation Dictionary from Speech Data
                  Christian-Michael Westendorf, Jens Jelitto
    1049   The Trended HMM with Discriminative Training for Phonetic Classification
                  C. Rathinavelu, Li Deng
    1053   Improving Decision Trees for Acoustic Modeling
                  Ariane Lazaridès, Yves Normandin, Roland Kuhn
    1057   An Improved Training Algorithm in HMM-based Speech Recognition
                  Gongjun Li, Taiyi Huang
    1061   Speech Recognition Using a Strong Correlation Assumption for the Instantaneous Spectra
                  J. Ming, P. O'Boyle, J. McMahon, F. J. Smith
    1065   On Parameter Filtering in Continuous Subword-unit-based Speech Recognition
                  Pau Pachès-Leal, Climent Nadeu
    1069   Estimation of Statistical Phoneme Center Considering Phonemic Environments
                  Shigeki Okawa, Katsuhiko Shirai
    1073   Integration of Context-dependent Durational Knowledge into HMM-based Speech Recognition
                  Xue Wang, Louis F. M. ten Bosch, Louis C. W. Pols
    1077   Speech Recognition Based on Acoustically Derived Segment Units
                  T. Fukada, M. Bacchiani, K.K. Paliwal, Yoshinori Sagisaka
    1081   Robust Gender-dependent Acoustic-phonetic Modelling in Continuous Speech Recognition Based on a New Automatic
           Male/Female Classification
                  Rivarol Vergin, Azarshid Farhat, Douglas O'Shaughnessy
    1085   A Codebook Adaptation Algorithm for SCHMM Using Formant Distribution
                  Tae Young Yang, Won Ho Shin, Weon Goo Kim, Dae Hee Youn
    1089   Parameter Tying for Flexible Speech Recognition
                  J. Simonin, S. Bodin, D. Jouvet, K. Bartkova
    1093   Word-spotting Based on Inter-word and Intra-word Diphone Models
                  Tsuneo Nitta, Shin'ichi Tanaka, Yasuyuki Masai, Hiroshi Matsu'ura
    1097   Duration Modeling with Expanded HMM Applied to Speech Recognition
                  Antonio Bonafonte, Josep Vidal, Albino Nogueiras

    1101   Different Strategies for Distribution Clustering using Discrete, Semicontinuous and Continuous HMMs in CSR
                  Ricardo de Córdoba, José M. Pardo
    1105   Improved HMM Phone and Triphone Models for Realtime ASR Telephony Applications
                  Ilija Zeljkovic, Shrikanth Narayanan
    1109   Improved Extended HMM Composition by Incorporating Power Variance
                  Yasuhiro Minami, Sadaoki Furui
    1113   Optimal Filtering and Smoothing for Speech Recognition using a Stochastic Target Model
                  Gordon Ramsay, Li Deng
    1117   Speech Recognition Using Syllable-Like Units
                  Zhihong Hu, Johan Schalkwyk, Etienne Barnard, Ronald A. Cole

  FrP1S1 -- Physics and Simulation of the Vocal Tract I
    1121   Search for Unexplored Effects in Speech Production
                  C.H. Coker, M.H. Krane, B.Y. Reis, R.A. Kubli
       *   Computational Models for Speech Generation
                  S. Levinson
    1125   Articulatory Synthesis from X-rays and Inversion for an Adaptive Speech Robot
                  P. Badin, C. Abry

  FrP2L1 -- Speaker Adaptation and Normalization II
    1129   Adaptive Recognition Method Based on Posterior Use of Distribution Pattern of Output Probabilities
                  Jin-Song Zhang, Beiqian Dai, Changfu Wang, Hingkeung Kwan, Keikichi Hirose
    1133   Iterative Unsupervised Adaptation Using Maximum Likelihood  Linear Regression
                  P.C. Woodland, D. Pye, M.J.F. Gales
    1137   A Compact Model for Speaker-Adaptive Training
                  Tasos Anastasakos, John McDonough, Richard Schwartz, John Makhoul
    1141   Iterative Unsupervised Speaker Adaptation for Batch Dictation
                  Shigeru Homma, Jun-ichi Takahashi, Shigeki Sagayama
    1145   Rapid Unsupervised Adaptation to Children's Speech on a Connected-Digit Task
                  Daniel C. Burnett, Mark Fanty
    1149   Speaker Adaptation Using Tree Structured Shared-State HMMs
                  Jun Ishii, Masahiro Tonomura, Shoichi Matsunaga

  FrP2L2 -- Spoken Language and NLP II
    1153   Learning to Parse Spontaneous Speech
                  Finn Dag Buo, Alex Waibel
    1157   Spontaneous Speech and Natural Language Processing ALPES: A Robust Semantic-led Parser
                  Jean-Yves Antoine
    1161   The Natural Language Processing Module for a Voice Assisted Operator at Telefónica I+D
                  J. Alvarez-Cercadillo, J. Caminero-Gil, C. Crespo-Casas, D. Tapias-Merino
    1165   Compound Words in Large-Vocabulary German Speech Recognition Systems
                  André Berton, Pablo Fetter, Peter Regel-Brietzmann
    1169   Prosody, Empty Categories and Parsing - A Success Story
                  Anton Batliner, A. Feldhaus, S. Geissler, T. Kiss, Ralf Kompe, Elmar Nöth
    1173   "Almost Parsing" Technique for Language Modeling
                  B. Srinivas

  FrP2L3 -- Duration and Rhythm
    1177   From Segmental Duration Properties to Rhythmic Structure:  A Study of Interactions Between High and Low Level
                  Marise Ouellet, Benoît Tardif
    1181   Analysis of Context-dependent Segmental Duration for Automatic Speech Recognition
                  Xue Wang, Louis C. W. Pols, Louis F. M. ten Bosch
    1185   The Role of the Rhythmic Groups in the Segmentation of Continuous French Speech
                  Delphine Dahan
    1189   The Implications of Temporal Patterns for the Prosody of Boundary Signaling in Connected Speech
                  Zita McRobbie-Utasi
    1193   Experimental Phonetic Study of the Syllable Duration of Korean with Respect to the Positional Effect
                  Hyunbok Lee, Cheol-jae Seong
    1197   Timing of Pitch Movements and Accentuation of Syllables
                  Dik J. Hermes

  FrP2P1 -- Acoustic Analysis
    1201   A Probabilistic Approach to AMDF Pitch Detection
                  Goangshiuan S. Ying, Leah H. Jamieson, Carl D. Michell
    1205   From Sagittal Cut to Area Function: An RMI Investigation
                  Alain Soquet, Véronique Lecuit, Thierry Metens, Didier Demolin
    1209   Pitch Detection and Voiced/Unvoiced Decision Algorithm Based on Wavelet Transforms
                  Léonard Janer, Juan José Bonet, Eduardo Lleida-Solano
    1213   Decomposition of Speech Signals into a Deterministic and a Stochastic Part
                  Yannis Stylianou
    1217   Improved Glottal Closure Instant Detector based on Linear Prediction and Standard Pitch Concept
                  Cheol-Woo Jo, Ho-Gyun Bang, W.A. Ainsworth
    1221   Analysis of Speech Segments using Variable Spectral/Temporal Resolution
                  Xihong Wang, Stephen A. Zahorian, Stefan Auberg
    1225   Time-based Clustering for Phonetic Segmentation
                  Brian Eberman, William Goldenthal
    1229   Formant Analysis Using Mixtures of Gaussians
                  Parham Zolfaghari, Tony Robinson
    1233   Deriving Articulatory Representations from Speech with Various Excitation Modes
                  Hywel B. Richards, John S. Mason, Melvyn J. Hunt, John S. Bridle
    1237   "Blind" Speech Segmentation: Automatic Segmentation of Speech Without Linguistic Knowledge
                  Manish Sharma, Richard J. Mammone
    1241   Speech Synthesis Using a Nonlinear Energy Damping Model for the Vocal Folds Vibration Effect
                  Hiroshi Ohmura, Kazuyo Tanaka
    1245   Neural Networks Learning with L1 Criteria and Its Efficiency in Linear Prediction of Speech Signals
                  Munehiro Namba, Hiroyuki Kamata, Yoshihisa Ishida
    1249   Preprocessing and Neural Classification of  English Stop Consonants [b,d,g,p,t,k]
                  A. Esposito, C. E. Ezin, M. Ceccarelli
    1253   A Comparison of Modified k-means(MKM) and NN based Real Time Adaptive Clustering Algorithms for Articulatory Space
            Codebook Formation
                  K.S. Ananthakrishnan
    1257   A Novel Approach to the Estimation of Voice Source and Vocal Tract Parameters from Speech Signals
                  Wen Ding, Hideki Kasuya
    1261   Syllable Detection in Read and Spontaneous Speech
                  Hartmut R. Pfitzinger, Susanne Burger, Sebastian Heid
    1265   Maximum Likelihood Learning of Auditory Feature Maps for Stationary Vowels
                  Kuansan Wang, Chin-Hui Lee, Biing-Hwang Juang
    1269   Explicit Segmentation of Speech using Gaussian Models
                  Antonio Bonafonte, Albino Nogueiras, Antonio Rodriguez-Garrido
    1273   A Comparison of Several Recent Methods of Fundamental Frequency and Voicing Decision Estimation
                  E. Mousset, W.A. Ainsworth, José A. R. Fonollosa
    1277   Robust Pitch Estimation with Harmonics Enhancement in  Noisy Environments Based on Instantaneous Frequency
                  Toshihiko Abe, Takao Kobayashi, Satoshi Imai
    1281   Integrated Polispectrum on Speech Recognition
                  Asunción Moreno, Miquel Rutllán

  FrP2S1 -- Physics and Simulation of the Vocal Tract II
    1285   Analysis of Acoustic Properties of the Nasal Tract Using 3-D FEM
                  Hisayoshi Suzuki, Takayoshi Nakai, Hirosi Sakakibara
    1289   Experiments with Analysis By Synthesis of Glottal Airflow
                  Johan Liljencrants

 Volume 3

  SaA1L1 -- Speech Recognition Using HMMs and NNs
    1293   An Incremental Speaker-Adaptation Technique for Hybrid HMM-MLP Recognizer
                  Joao P. Neto, Ciro A. Martins, Luís B. Almeida
    1297   Phoneme Segmentation of Continuous Speech using Multi-layer Perceptron
                  Youngjoo Suh, Youngjik Lee
    1301   Stochastic Perceptual Speech Models with Durational Dependence
                  Jeff Bilmes, Nelson Morgan, Su-Lin Wu, Hervé Bourlard
    1305   Boosting the Performance of Connectionist Large Vocabulary Speech Recognition
                  G.D. Cook, A.J. Robinson
    1309   HMMs and OWE Neural Network for Continuous Speech Recognition
                  Nicolas Pican, Dominique Fohr, Jean-François Mari
    1313   Smoothed Local Adaptation of Connectionist Systems
                  Steve Waterhouse, Dan Kershaw, Tony Robinson

  SaA1L2 -- Adverse Environments and Multiple Microphones
    1317   Robust Speech Recognition with Speaker Localization by a Microphone Array
                  Takeshi Yamada, Satoshi Nakamura, Kiyohiro Shikano
    1321   Sound Source Localization in Reverberant Environments using an Outlier Elimination Algorithm
                  Ea-Ee Jan, James L. Flanagan
    1325   The 1995 Abbot LVCSR System for Multiple Unknown Microphones
                  Dan Kershaw, Tony Robinson, Steve Renals
    1329   Experiments of Speech Recognition in a Noisy and Reverberant  Environment using a Microphone Array and HMM
                  D. Giuliani, M. Omologo, P. Svaizer
    1333   Increasing Robustness in GMM Speaker Recognition Systems for Noisy and Reverberant Speech with Low Complexity
           Microphone Arrays
                  Joaquín González-Rodríguez, Javier Ortega-García, César Martin, Luis Hernández
    1337   Robust Automatic Speech Recognition Using a Multi-channel Signal Separation Front-End
                  Kuan-Chieh Yen, Yunxin Zhao

  SaA1L3 -- Prosodic Synthesis in Dialogue
    1341   Prosody Generation in Text-to-Speech Conversion Using Dependency Graphs
                  Anders Lindström, Ivan Bretan, Mats Ljungqvist
    1345   Extraction Method of Non-restrictive Modification in Japanese as a Marked Factor of Prosody
                  Hisako Asano, Hisashi Ohara, Yoshifumi Ooyama
    1349   Modeling Contrast in the Generation and Synthesis of Spoken Language
                  Scott Prevost
    1353   A Left-to-right Processing Model of Pausing in Japanese Based on Limited Syntactic Information
                  Hajime Tsukada
    1357   Modeling of Intonation Bearing Emphasis for TTS-Synthesis of Greek Dialogues
                  D. Galanis, V. Darsinos, G. Kokkinakis
    1361   Synthesizing Prosody: a Prominence-based Approach
                  Barbara Heuft, Thomas Portele

  SaA1P1 -- Speech Synthesis
    1365   Multilingual Text Analysis for Text-to-Speech Synthesis
                  Richard Sproat
    1369   Spoken-style Explanation Generator for Japanese Kanji using a Text-to-speech System
                  Yoshifumi Ooyama, Hisako Asano, Koji Matsuoka
    1373   A Method for Estimating Prosodic Symbol from Text for Japanese Text-To-Speech Synthesis
                  Ken-ichi Magata, Tomoki Hamagami, Mitsuo Komura
    1377   Statistical Methods in Data-driven Modeling of Spanish Prosody for Text to Speech
                  E. López-Gonzalo, J.M. Rodríguez-García
    1381   Intonation Processing for TTS Using Stylization and Neural Network Learning Method
                  Jung-Chul Lee, Youngjik Lee, Sang-Hun Kim, Minsoo Hahn
    1385   Generating F0 Contours from ToBI Labels using Linear Regression
                  Alan W. Black, Andrew J. Hunt
    1389   The Broad Study of Homograph Disambiguity for Mandarin Speech Synthesis
                  Wern-Jun Wang, Shaw-Hwa Hwang, Sin-Horng Chen
    1393   The MBROLA project: Towards a Set of High Quality Speech Synthesizers Free of Use for Non Commercial Purposes
                  T. Dutoit, V. Pagel, N. Pierret, F. Bataille, O. Van der Vrecken
    1397   Training Data Selection for Voice Conversion Using Speaker Selection and Vector Field Smoothing
                  Makoto Hashimoto, Norio Higuchi
    1401   A New Voice Transformation Method Based on Both Linear and Nonlinear Prediction Analysis
                  Ki Seung Lee, Dae Hee Youn, Il Whan Cha
    1405   On the Transformation of the Speech Spectrum for Voice Conversion
                  G. Baudoin, Yannis Stylianou
    1409   Spectral Analysis of Synthetic Speech and Natural Speech with Noise over the Telephone Line
                  Cristina Delogu, Andrea Paoloni, Susanna Ragazzini, Paola Ridolfi
    1413   A New Speech Synthesis System Based on the ARX Speech Production Model
                  Weizhong Zhu, Hideki Kasuya
    1417   Speech Synthesis Using the CELP Algorithm
                  Geraldo Lino de Campos, Evandro Bacci Gouvêa
    1421   A Mandarin Text-to-Speech System
                  Shaw-Hwa Hwang, Sin-Horng Chen, Yih-Ru Wang
    1425   Residual-based Speech Modification Algorithms for Text-to-Speech Synthesis
                  M.D. Edgington, A. Lowry
    1429   A Generalized LR Parser for Text-to-speech Synthesis
                  Per Olav Heggtveit
    1433   Enhanced Shape-invariant Pitch and Time-scale Modification for Concatenative Speech Synthesis
                  M.P. Pollard, B.M.G. Cheetham, C.C. Goodyear, M.D. Edgington, A. Lowry
    1437   An Excitation Synchronous Pitch Waveform Extraction Method and its Application to the VCV-concatenation Synthesis
           of Japanese Spoken Words
                  Yasuhiko Arai, Ryo Mochizuki, Hirofumi Nishimura, Takashi Honda
    1441   A New Chinese Text-to-Speech System with High Naturalness
                  Ren-Hua Wang, Qinfeng Liu, Difei Tang
    1445   Voice Conversion Based on Topological Feature Maps and Time-variant Filtering
                  Ansgar Rinscheid

  SaA1P2 -- Instructional Technology for Spoken Language
    1449   Language Training System Utilizing Speech Modification
                  Meron Yoram, Keikichi Hirose
    1453   Perception of English /r/ and /l/ Speech Contrasts by Native Korean Listeners with Extensive English-language
                  D.G. Jamieson, K. Yu
    1457   Automatic Text-independent Pronunciation Scoring of Foreign Language Student Speech
                  Leonardo Neumeyer, Horacio Franco, Mitchel Weintraub, Patti Price
    1461   Assessing the Contribution of Instructional Technology in the Teaching of Pronunciation
                  Antônio Simoes
    1465   Detection of Foreign Speakers' Pronunciation Errors for Second Language Training - Preliminary Results
                  Maxine Eskenazi
    1469   Foreign Accent in Intonation Patterns - A Contrastive Study Applying a Quantitative Model of the F0 Contour
                  Hansjörg Mixdorff
    1473   Input Modality Effects in Foreign Accent
                  Duncan J. Markham, Yasuko Nagano-Madsen

  SaA1S1 -- Multimodal Spoken Language Processing I
    1477   For Speech Perception by Humans or Machines, Three Senses are Better than One
                  Lynne E. Bernstein, Christian Benoît
    1481   A Few Factors Which Affect the Degree of Incorporating Lip-read Information into Speech Perception
                  Kaoru Sekiyama, Yoh'ichi Tohkura, Michio Umeda
    1485   Characterizing Audiovisual Information During Speech
                  E. Vatikiotis-Bateson, K.G. Munhall, Y. Kasahara, F. Garcia, H. Yehia
    1489   The Implications of the Tadoma Method of Speechreading for Spoken Language Processing
                  Charlotte M. Reed
    1493   Seeing Speech in Space and Time: Psychological and Neurological Findings
                  Ruth Campbell

  SaA2L1 -- Prosody - Phonological/Phonetic Measures
    1497   What's in the "Pure" Prosody?
                  Volker Strom, Christina Widera
    1501   F0 Declination in Read-aloud and Spontaneous Speech
                  Marc Swerts, Eva Strangert, Mattias Heldner
    1505   Prediction of Prosodic Phrase Boundaries Considering Variable Speaking Rate
                  Yeon-jun Kim, Yung-hwan Oh
    1509   Prediction of F0 Parameter of Contextualized Utterances in Dialogue
                  Yoichi Yamashita, Riichiro Mizoguchi
    1513   The Production and Perception of Potentially Ambiguous Intonation Contours by Speakers of Russian and Japanese
                  V. Makarova, J. Matsui
    1517   What is Invariant and What is Optional in the Realization of a FOCUSED Word? A Cross-dialectal Study of Swedish
           Sentences With Moving Focus
                  Robert Eklund

  SaA2L2 -- Phonetics and Perception
    1521   Quantifying Spectral Characteristics of Fricatives
                  Christine H. Shadle, Sheila J. Mair
    1525   Acoustic Characteristics of Ejectives in Ingush
                  Natasha Warner
    1529   An Acoustic Profile of Consonant Reduction
                  R.J.J.H. van Son, Louis C. W. Pols
    1533   Devoicing in Post-vocalic Canadian-French Obstruants
                  Danièle Archambault, Blagovesta Maneva
    1537   Paying Attention to Speaking Rate
                  Alexander L. Francis, Howard C. Nusbaum
    1541   The Lack of Invariance Problem and the Goal of Speech Perception
                  Irene Appelbaum

  SaA2L3 -- Language Acquisition
    1545   The Acoustic Structure of Vowels in Mothers' Speech to Infants and Adults
                  Jean E. Andruski, Patricia K. Kuhl
    1549   Acoustical Characteristics of Sound Production of Deaf and Normally Hearing Infants
                  Chris J. Clement, Florien J. Koopmans-van Beinum, Louis C. W. Pols
    1553   Learning Non-native Vowel Categories
                  John Kingston, Christine Bartels, José Benkí, Deanna Moore, Jeremy Rice, Rachel Thorburn, Neil Macmillan
    1557   Word Recognition by Japanese Infants
                  P.A. Halle, Toshisada Deguchi, Yuji Tamekawa, B. Boysson-Bardies, Shigeru Kiritani
    1561   Investigations of the Word Segmentation Abilities of Infants
                  Peter W. Jusczyk
    1565   Developmental Change in Perception of Clause Boundaries by 6- and 10-Month-old Japanese Infants
                  Akiko Hayashi, Yuji Tamekawa, Toshisada Deguchi, Shigeru Kiritani

  SaA2P1 -- Production and Prosody Posters
    1569   A Frequency Domain Method for Parametrization of the Voice Source
                  Paavo Alku, Erkki Vilkman
    1573   Glottal Correlates of the Word Stress and the Tense/Lax Opposition in German
                  Krzysztof Marasek
    1577   Coarticulatory Stability in American English /r/
                  Suzanne Boyce, Carol Y. Espy-Wilson
    1581   An MRI-based Analysis of the English /r/ and /l/ Articulations
                  Shinobu Masaki, Reiko Akahane-Yamada, Mark K. Tiede, Yasuhiro Shimada, Ichiro Fujimoto
    1585   Does Lexical Stress or Metrical Stress Better Predict Word Boundaries in Dutch?
                  David van Kuijk
    1589   Optopalatograph (OPG): A New Apparatus for Speech Production Analysis
                  A. A. Wrench, A. D. McIntosh, W. J. Hardcastle
    1593   Prediction of Vowel Systems using a Deductive Approach
                  René Carré
    1597   Distinctions Between [t] and [tch] using Electropalatography Data
                  Sheila J. Mair, Celia Scully, Christine H. Shadle
    1601   Relating Formants and Articulation in Intelligibility Test Words
                  Michiko Hashi, Raymond D. Kent, John R. Westbury, Mary J. Lindstrom
    1605   The Role of Coarticulation in the Perception of Vowel Quality in Modern Standard Arabic
                  Imad Znagui, Mohamed Yeou
    1609   Updating the Reading EPG
                  Simon Arnfield, Wilf Jones
    1612   Lexical Stress Detection on Stress-minimal Word Pairs
                  Goangshiuan S. Ying, Leah H. Jamieson, Ruxin Chen, Carl D. Mitchell
    1616   An Acoustic Study of the Interaction Between Stressed and Unstressed Syllables in Spoken Mandarin
                  Jing Wang
    1620   Automatic Detection of Accent Nuclei at the Head of Words for Speech Recognition
                  Nobuaki Minematsu, Seiichi Nakagawa
    1624   Automatic Generation of Prosodic Structure for High Quality Mandarin Speech Synthesis
                  Fu-chiang Chou, Chiu-yu Tseng, Lin-shan Lee
    1628   A Study on Japanese Prosodic Pattern and its Modeling in Restricted Speech
                  Tomoki Hamagami, Ken-ichi Magata, Mitsuo Komura
    1632   A Phonetic Study of Focus in Intransitive Verb Sentences
                  Steve Hoskins
       *   Variation in Vocal Fold Vibration Associated with Prosodic Conditions
                  Shigeru Kiritani, Hiroshi Imagawa, Seiji Niimi
    1636   Goethe for Prosody
                  Stefan Rapp
    1640   Prosodic Cues in Syntactically Ambiguous Strings;  An Interactive Speech Planning Mechanism
                  K.A. Straub
    1644   A Functional Model for Generation of the Local Components of F0 Contours in Chinese
                  Jinfu Ni, Ren-Hua Wang, Deyu Xia
    1648   The Acquisition of Voiceless Stops in the Interlanguage of Second Language Learners of English and Spanish
                  Marie Fellbaum

  SaA2S1 -- Multimodal Spoken Language Processing II
    1652   Studies of the McGurk Effect: Implications for Theories of Speech Perception
                  Kerry P. Green
    1656   Using the Visual Component in Automatic Speech Recognition
                  N. M. Brooke
    1660   Perceptual Organization of Speech in One and Several Modalities: Common Functions, Common Resources
                  Robert E. Remez
    1664   Multi-modal Encoding of Speech in Memory: A First Report
                  David B. Pisoni, Helena M. Saldaña, Sonya M. Sheffert

  SaP1L1 -- User-Machine Interfaces
    1668   Evaluating Automatic Speech Recognition as a Component of a Multi-input Device Human-computer Interface
                  B.A. Mellor, C. Baber, C. Tunley
    1672   Data Collection for the MASK Kiosk: WOz vs Prototype System
                  A. Life, I. Salter, J.N. Temem, F. Bernard, S. Rosset, S.K. Bennacef, Lori Lamel
    1676   An Experimental Japanese/English Interpreting Video Phone System
                  M. Karaorman, T.H. Applebaum, T. Itoh, M. Endo, Y. Ohno, M. Hoshimi, T. Kamai, K. Matsui, K. Hata, S.
                  Pearson, J.-C. Janqua
    1680   User Participation and Compliance in Speech Automated Telecommunications Applications
                  Sara Basson, Stephen Springer, Cynthia Fong, Hong Leung, Ed Man, Michele Olson, John Pitrelli, Ranvir
                  Singh, Suk Wong
    1684   Embedding Speech in Web Interfaces
                  Samuel Bayer
    1688   Voice-activated Home Banking System and its Field Trial
                  Toshihiro Isobe, Masatoshi Morishima, Fuminori Yoshitani, Nobuo Koizumi, Ken'ya Murakami

  SaP1L2 -- TTS Systems and Rules
    1692   A Text Analyzer for Korean Text-to-Speech Systems
                  Sangho Lee, Yung-Hwan Oh
    1696   Design and Evaluation of a Phonological Phrase Parser for Spanish Text-to-Speech
                  Helen E. Karn
    1700   Comparison of Two Tree-Structured Approaches for Grapheme-to-Phoneme Conversion
                  Ove Andersen, Roland Kuhn, Ariane Lazaridès, Paul Dalsgaard, Jürgen Haas, Elmar Nöth
    1704   A Recurrent Network that Learns to Pronounce English Text
                  M.J. Adamson, R.I. Damper
    1708   Archisegment-based Letter-to-Phone Conversion for Concatenative Speech Synthesis in Portuguese
                  Eleonora Cavalcante Albano, Agnaldo Antonio Moreira
    1712   A New Method of Generating Speech Synthesis Units Based on Phonological Knowledge and Clustering Technique
                  Yuki Yoshida, Shin'ya Nakajima, Kazuo Hakoda, Tomohisa Hirokawa

  SaP1L3 -- Prosody and Labeling
    1716   Consistency in Transcription and Labelling of German Intonation with GToBI
                  Martine Grice, Matthias Reyelt, Ralf Benzmüller, Jörg Mayer, Anton Batliner
    1720   Syntactic-prosodic Labeling of Large Spontaneous Speech Data-bases
                  Anton Batliner, R. Kompe, A. Kiessling, H. Niemann, E. Nöth
    1724   Relationship Between Discourse Structure and Dynamic Speech Rate
                  Florien J. Koopmans-van Beinum, Monique E. van Donzel
    1728   Using Prosodic Clues to Decide When to Produce Back-channel Utterances
                  Nigel Ward
    1732   Dialog Act Classification with the Help of Prosody
                  Marion Mast, Ralf Kompe, Stefan Harbeck, Andreas Kiessling, Heinrich Niemann, Elmar Nöth, E. G.
                  Schukat-Talamazzini, V. Warnke
    1736   Using Lexical Stress in Continuous Speech Recognition for Dutch
                  David van Kuijk, Henk van den Heuvel, Louis Boves

  SaP1P1 -- Speaker/Language Identification and Verification
    1740   Automatic Accent Classification of Foreign Accented Australian English Speech
                  Karsten Kumpf, Robin W. King
    1744   Discriminative Adaptation for Speaker Verification
                  F. Korkmazskiy, Biing-Hwang Juang
    1748   Perceptual Features of Unknown Foreign Languages as Revealed by Multi-dimensional Scaling
                  V. Stockmal, D. Muljani, Z.S. Bond
    1752   On-line Incremental Adaptation for Speaker Verification using Maximum Likelihood Estimates of CDHMM Parameters
                  Kin Yu, John S. Mason
    1756   Combining Methods to Improve Speaker Verification Decision
                  Dominique Genoud, Frédéric Bimbot, Guillaume Gravier, Gérard Chollet
    1760   Incremental Speaker Adaptation with Minimum Error Discriminative Training for Speaker Identification
                  Cesar Martín del Alamo, J. Alvarez, C. de la Torre, F.J. Poyatos, L. Hernández
    1764   Frame Level Likelihood Normalization for Text-independent Speaker Identification using Gaussian Mixture Models
                  Konstantin P. Markov, Seiichi Nakagawa
    1768   On Using Prosodic Cues in Automatic Language Identification
                  Ann E. Thymé-Gobbel, Sandra E. Hutchins
    1772   Speaker Recognition Model using Two-dimensional Mel-Cepstrum and Predictive Neural Network
                  Tadashi Kitamura, Shinsai Takei
    1776   Unknown Language Rejection in Language Identification System
                  Hingkeung Kwan, Keikichi Hirose
    1780   Spoken Language Identification using Large Vocabulary Speech Recognition
                  James L. Hieronymus, Shubha Kadambe
    1784   Accent Identification
                  Carlos Teixeira, Isabel M. Trancoso, António Serralheiro
    1788   Comparison of Text-independent Speaker Recognition Methods on Telephone Speech with Acoustic Mismatch
                  Sarel van Vuuren
    1792   On the Sources of Inter- and Intra-speaker Variability in the Acoustic Dynamics of Speech
                  Xue Yang, J. Bruce Millar, Iain Macleod
    1796   Language Identification with Inaccurate String Matching
                  Kay M. Berkling, Etienne Barnard
    1800   Robust Prosodic Features for Speaker Identification
                  M.J. Carey, E.S. Parris, H. Lloyd-Thomas, S.J. Bennett
    1804   Text Independent Speaker Identification on Noisy Environments by Means of Self Organizing Maps
                  E. Monte, J. Hernando, X. Miró, A. Adolf
    1808   Language-identification Using Language-dependent Phonemes and Language-independent Speech Units
                  Paul Dalsgaard, Ove Andersen, Hanne Hesselager, Bojan Petek

  SaP1S1 -- Large Vocabulary Speech Recognition: The Switchboard Domain
       *   Large Vocabulary Speech Recognition: The Switchboard Domain
                  Ronald Rosenfeld, Hervé Bourlard

  SaP1S2 -- Emotion in Recognition and Synthesis I
       *   Adding the Affective Dimension: A New Look in Speech Analysis and Synthesis
                  Klaus R. Scherer
    1812   Ethological Theory and the Expression of Emotion in the Voice
                  John J. Ohala
    1816   Synthesizing Emotions in Speech: Is it Time to Get Excited?
                  Iain R. Murray, John L. Arnott

  SaP2L1 -- Stochastic Techniques in Robust Speech Recognition
    1820   A Study on Task-independent Subword Selection and Modeling for Speech Recognition
                  Chin-Hui Lee, Biing-Hwang Juang, Wu Chou, J.J. Molina-Perez
    1824   Simultaneous ANN Feature and HMM Recognizer Design using String-based Minimum Classification Error (MCE) Training
                  Mazin G. Rahim, Chin-Hui Lee
    1828   Quantizing Mixture-weights in a Tied-mixture HMM
                  Sunil K. Gupta, Frank K. Soong, Raziel Haimi-Cohen
    1832   Variance Compensation within the MLLR Framework for Robust Speech Recognition and Speaker Adaptation
                  M.J.F. Gales, D. Pye, P.C. Woodland
    1836   Maximum-likelihood Stochastic Matching Approach to Non-linear Equalization for Robust Speech Recognition
                  A.C. Surendran, Chin-Hui Lee, Mazin G. Rahim
    1840   Estimation of Channel Bias for Telephone Speech Recognition
                  Jen-Tzung Chien, Hsiao-Chuan Wang, Lee-Min Lee

  SaP2L2 -- Prosodic  Synthesis in Text to Speech
    1844   Synthesis of English Intonation using Explicit Models of Reading and Spontaneous Speech
                  M. E. Johnson
    1848   Implementation and Evaluation of a Model for Synthesis of Swedish Intonation
                  Merle Horne, Marcus Filipsson
    1852   Natural Prosody Generation for Domain Specific Text-to-Speech Systems
                  Nobuyuki Katae, Shinta Kimura
    1856   Improving Text-to-Speech Synthesis
                  Mark Tatham, Eric Lewis
    1860   Synthesis of Stressed Speech from Isolated Neutral Speech Using HMM-based Models
                  Sahar E. Bou-Ghazale, John H.L. Hansen
    1864   Modeling Segment Intonation for Slovene TTS System
                  Ales Dobnikar

  SaP2L3 -- Dialogue Events
    1868   Word Predictability After Hesitations: A Corpus-based Study
                  Elizabeth Shriberg, Andreas Stolcke
    1872   Interruptions and Intonation
                  Li-chiung Yang
    1876   On not Recognizing Disfluencies in Dialogue
                  Robin J. Lickley, Ellen Gurman Bard
    1880   A Theory of Word Frequencies and its Application to Dialogue Move Recognition
                  Phil Garner, Sue Browning, Roger Moore, Martin Russell
    1884   Utterance Units and Grounding in Spoken Dialogue
                  David R. Traum, Peter A. Heeman
    1888   Coordinating Turn-taking with Gaze
                  David G. Novick, Brian Hansen, Karen Ward

  SaP2P1 -- Databases and Tools
    1892   BABEL: An Eastern European Multi-language Database
                  Peter Roach, Simon Arnfield, W. Barry, J. Baltova, M. Boldea, A. Fourcin, W. Gonet, R. Gubrynowicz, E.
                  Hallum, L. Lamel, K. Marasek, A. Marchal, E. Meister, K. Vicsi
    1894   USTC95---A Putonghua Corpus
                  Ren-Hua Wang, Deyu Xia, Jinfu Ni, Bicheng Liu
    1898   Telephone Data Collection using the World Wide Web
                  Edward Hurley, Joseph Polifroni, James Glass
    1902   The "SIVA" Speech Database for Speaker Verification: Description and Evaluation
                  M. Falcone, A. Gallo
    1906   A Multi-level Description of Date Expressions in German Telephone Speech
                  Christoph Draxler
    1910   Viterbi Search Visualization Using Vista: A Generic Performance Visualization Tool
                  Robert H. Halstead Jr., Ben Serridge, Jean-Manuel Van Thong, William Goldenthal
    1914   A Multilingual Phonetic Representation and Analysis System for Different Speech Databases
                  Toomas Altosaar, Matti Karjalainen, Martti Vainio
    1918   FRESCO: The French Telephone Speech Data Collection - Part of the European SpeechDat(M) Project
                  D. Langmann, R. Haeb-Umbach, Louis Boves, E. den Os
    1922   Predicting the Out-of-Vocabulary Rate and the Required Vocabulary Size for Speech Processing Applications
                  Johannes Müller, Holger Stahl, Manfred Lang
    1926   AMULET: Automatic MUltisensor Speech Labelling and Event Tracking: Study of the Spatio-temporal Correlations in
           Voiceless Plosive Production
                  Nathalie Parlangeau, Alain Marchal
    1930   Constructing Multi-level Speech Database for Spontaneous Speech Processing
                  Minsoo Hahn, Sanghun Kim, Jung-Chul Lee, Yong-Ju Lee
    1934   Preliminaries to a Romanian Speech Database
                  Marian Boldea, Alin Doroga, Tiberiu Dumitrescu, Maria Pescaru
    1938   Labelled Data Bank of Spoken Standard German The Kiel Corpus of Read/Spontaneous Speech
                  Klaus J. Kohler
    1942   SAPPHIRE: An Extensible Speech Analysis and Recognition Tool Based on Tcl/Tk
                  Lee Hetherington, Michael McCandless
    1946   Automatic Detection of Topic Boundaries and Keywords in Arbitrary Speech Using Incremental Reference Interval-free
            Continuous DP
                  Jiro Kiyama, Yoshiaki Itoh, Ryuichi Oka
    1950   Very-large-vocabulary Mandarin Voice Message File Retrieval using Speech Queries
                  Bo-Ren Bai, Lee-Feng Chien, Lin-Shan Lee
    1954   Gandalf - A Swedish Telephone Speaker Verification Database
                  H. Melin
    1958   The DCIEM Map Task Corpus: Spontaneous Dialogue Under Sleep Deprivation and Drug Treatment
                  Ellen Gurman Bard, C. Sotillo, A. H. Anderson, M. M. Taylor
    1962   The Nemours Database of Dysarthric Speech
                  Xavier Menéndez-Pidal, James B. Polikoff, Shirley M. Peters, Jennie E. Leonzio, H.T. Bunnell
    1966   POST: Parallel Object-oriented Speech Toolkit
                  Jean Hennebert, Dijana Petrovska Delacrétaz

  SaP2S2 -- Emotion in Recognition and Synthesis II
    1970   Recognizing Emotion in Speech
                  Frank Dellaert, Thomas Polzin, Alex Waibel
    1974   Emotions in Time Domain Synthesis
                  Barbara Heuft, Thomas Portele, Monika Rauth
    1978   Word Class Driven Synthesis of Prosodic Annotations
                  Simon Arnfield
    1981   Dynamical Modelling of Vowel Sounds as a Synthesis Tool
                  M. Banbrook, S. McLaughlin
    1985   Emotional Speech Elicited using Computer Games
                  Tom Johnstone
    1989   Automatic Statistical Analysis of the Signal and Prosodic Signs of Emotion in Speech
                  Roddy Cowie, Ellen Douglas-Cowie

 Volume 4

  SuA1L1 -- Robust Speech Processing
    1993   Channel and Noise Normalization Using Affine Transformed Cepstrum
                  Xiaoyu Zhang, Richard J. Mammone
    1997   Spectral Estimation and Normalisation for Robust Speech Recognition
                  Tom Claes, Fei Xie, Dirk Van Compernolle
    2001   Trellis Encoded Vector Quantization for Robust Speech Recognition
                  Wu Chou, Nambi Seshadri, Mazin Rahim
    2005   Phone Clustering using the Bhattacharyya Distance
                  Brian Mak, Etienne Barnard
    2009   Variability of Lombard Effects Under Different Noise Conditions
                  Atsushi Wakao, Kazuya Takeda, Fumitada Itakura
    2013   Lombard Effect Compensation and Noise Suppression for Noisy Lombard Speech Recognition
                  Sang-mun Chi, Yung-Hwan Oh

  SuA1L2 -- Dialects and Speaking Styles
    2017   The Use of Shibboleth Words for Automatically Classifying Speakers by Dialect
                  A.W.F. Huggins, Yogen Patel
       *   The Organization of Dialect Diversity in North America
                  William Labov
    2021   Data Collection of Japanese Dialects and its Influence into Speech Recognition
                  Ikuo Kudo, Takao Nakama, Tomoko Watanabe, Reiko Kameyama
    2025   Statistical Dialect Classification Based on Mean Phonetic Features
                  David R. Miller, James Trischitta
    2028   Norwegian Numerals: a Challenge to Automatic Speech Recognition
                  Knut Kvale
    2032   Evaluation of the Telefónica I+D Natural Numbers Recognizer over Different Dialects of Spanish from Spain and
                  C. de la Torre, J. Caminero-Gil, J. Alvarez, C. Martín del Alamo, L. Hernández-Gómez

  SuA1L3 -- Production and Perception of Prosody
    2036   Rhythmic Constraints on English Stress Timing
                  Fred Cummins, Robert F. Port
    2040   On the Interaction of Clash, Focus and Phonological Phrasing
                  Irene Vogel, Steve Hoskins
    2044   On the Quantal Nature of Speech Timing
                  Gunnar Fant, Anita Kruckenberg
    2048   Differential Perception of Tonal Contours Through the Syllable
                  David House
    2052   Pitch, Loudness, and Segmental Duration Correlates:  Towards a Model for the Phonetic Aspects of Finnish Prosody
                  Martti Vainio, Toomas Altosaar
    2056   Prosodic Manipulation System of Speech Material for Perceptual Experiments
                  Nobuaki Minematsu, Seiichi Nakagawa, Keikichi Hirose
  SuA1P1 -- Topics in ASR and Search
    2060   Clustered Language Models with Context-Equivalent States
                  J.P. Ueberla, I. R. Gransden
    2063   Modeling of Contextual Effects and its Application to Word Spotting
                  Yuji Yonezawa, Masato Akagi
    2067   A New Keyword Spotting Algorithm with Pre-calculated Optimal Thresholds
                  J. Junkawitsch, L. Neubauer, H. Höge, G. Ruske
    2071   Detection of Ambiguous Portions of Signal Corresponding  to OOV Words or Misrecognized Portions of Input
                  Roxane Lacouture, Yves Normandin
    2075   Techniques for Approximating a Trigram Language Model
                  Fabio Brugnara, Marcello Federico
    2079   Unsupervised and Incremental Speaker Adaptation under Adverse Environmental Conditions
                  Keizaburo Takagi, Koichi Shinoda, Hiroaki Hattori, Takao Watanabe
    2083   An Adaptive-Beam Pruning Technique for Continuous Speech Recognition
                  Hugo Van hamme, Filip Van Aelten
    2087   Data Based Filter Design for RASTA-like Channel Normalization in ASR
                  Carlos Avendano, Sarel van Vuuren, Hynek Hermansky
    2091   A Comparison of Time Conditioned and Word Conditioned Search Techniques for Large Vocabulary Speech Recognition
                  S. Ortmanns, H. Ney, Frank Seide, I. Lindam
    2095   Language-model Look-ahead for Large Vocabulary Speech Recognition
                  S. Ortmanns, H. Ney, A. Eiden
    2099   A New Search Algorithm in Segmentation Lattices of Speech Signals
                  Jean-Luc Husson, Yves Laprie
    2103   LR-Parser-driven Viterbi Search with Hypotheses Merging Mechanism Using Context-dependent Phone Models
                  Tomokazu Yamada, Shigeki Sagayama
    2107   Discrete-Utterance Recognition with a Fast Match Based on Total Data Reduction
                  Jan Nouza
    2111   On-line Garbage Modeling with Discriminant Analysis for Utterance Verification
                  J. Caminero, C. de la Torre, L. Villarrubia, C. Martín, L. Hernández
    2115   Cheating with Imperfect Transcripts
                  Paul Placeway, John Lafferty
    2119   Novel Training Method for Classifiers used in Speaker Adaptation
                  Naoto Iwahashi
    2123   Large Vocabulary Word Recognition based on a Graph-structured Dictionary
                  Katsuki Minamino
    2127   A Word Graph Based N-Best Search in Continuous Speech Recognition
                  Bach-Hiep Tran, Frank Seide, Volker Steinbiss
    2131   Viterbi Beam Search with Layered Bigrams
                  David M. Goblirsch
    2135   A Wave Decoder for Continuous Speech Recognition
                  Eric Burhke, Wu Chou, Qiru Zhou
    2139   Long Term On-line Speaker Adaptation for Large Vocabulary Dictation
                  Eric Thelen
    2143   Incremental Generation of Word Graphs
                  Gerhard Sagerer, Heike Rautenstrauch, G. A. Fink, Bernd Hildebrandt, A. Jusek, Franz Kummert
    2147   Improvement in N-Best Search for Continuous Speech Recognition
                  Irina Illina, Yifan Gong
    2151   Sethos: The UPC Speech Understanding System
                  Antonio Bonafonte, José B. Mariño, Albino Nogueiras
    2155   Segmental Search for Continuous Speech Recognition
                  Pietro Laface, Luciano Fissore, A. Maro, Franco Ravera

  SuA1P2 -- Multimodal Dialogue/HCI
    2159   An Investigation into the Generation of Mouth Shapes for a Talking Head
                  A. P. Breen, E. Bowers, W. Welsh
    2163   A Text-to-audiovisual-speech Synthesizer for French
                  Bertrand Le Goff, Christian Benoît
    2167   Analysis of Head Movements and its Role in Spoken Dialogue
                  Yuri Iwano, Shioya Kageyama, Emi Morikawa, Shu Nakazato, Katsuhiko Shirai
    2171   RWC Multimodal Database for Interactions by Integration of Spoken Language and Visual Information
                  Satoru Hayamizu, Osamu Hasegawa, Katunobu Itou, Katuhiko Sakaue, Kazuyo Tanaka, Shigeki Nagaya, Masayuki
                  Nakazawa, T. Endoh, Fumio Togawa, Kenji Sakamoto, Kazuhiko Yamamoto
    2175   About the Relationship Between Eyebrow Movements and Fo Variations
                  Christian Cavé, Isabelle Guaïtella, Roxane Bertrand, Serge Santi, Françoise Harlay, Robert Espesser
    2179   How Many Words is a Picture Really Worth?
                  Laurel Fais, Kyung-ho Loken-Kim, Tsuyoshi Morimoto
    2183   Visual Synthesis of Source Acoustic Speech Through Kohonen Neural Networks
                  A. Lagana`, F. Lavagetto, A. Storace
    2187   Audio-visual Speech Perception Without Speech Cues
                  Helena M. Saldaña, David B. Pisoni, Jennifer M. Fellowes, Robert E. Remez

  SuA1S1 -- Multilingual Speech Processing I
    2191   Multilingual Speech Recognition at Dragon Systems
                  Jim Barnett, A. Corrada, G. Gao, L. Gillick, Y. Ito, S. Lowe, L. Manganaro, B. Peskin
    2195   Multi-lingual Phoneme Recognition Exploiting Acoustic-phonetic Similarities of Sounds
                  Joachim Köhler
    2199   Japanese Speech Databases for Robust Speech Recognition
                  Atsushi Nakamura, Shoichi Matsunaga, Tohru Shimizu, Masahiro Tonomura, Yoshinori Sagisaka
    2203   Spoken Language Processing in a Multilingual Context
                  Lori F. Lamel, M. Adda-Decker, Jean Luc Gauvain, G. Adda
    2207   Multilingual Human-computer Interactions: From Information Access to Language Learning
                  Victor Zue, Stephanie Seneff, Joseph Polifroni, Helen Meng, James Glass
    2211   SpeeData: Multilingual Spoken Data Entry
                  U. Ackermann, B. Angelini, F. Brugnara, M. Federico, D. Giuliani, R. Gretter, G. Lazzari, H. Niemann

  SuA2L1 -- Acoustics in Synthesis
    2215   Pseudo-articulatory Representations in Speech Synthesis and Recognition
                  William H. Edmondson, Jon P. Iles, Dorota J. Iskra
    2219   Synthesis of Initial (/s/-) Stop-liquid Clusters using HLsyn
                  David R. Williams
    2223   Synthesis of Trill
                  Chilin Shih
    2227   Phone-based Speech Synthesis with Neural Network and Articulatory Control
                  W.K. Lo, P.C. Ching
    2231   Analysis of Ten Vowel Sounds Across Gender and  Regional/Cultural Accent
                  P. Martland, S.P. Whiteside, Steve W. Beet, L. Baghai-Ravary
    2235   Speech Morphing by Gradually Changing Spectrum Parameter and Fundamental Frequency
                  Masanobu Abe

  SuA2L2 -- Pitch and Rate
    2239   The Multi-Lag-Window Method for Robust Extended-range F0 Determination
                  Edouard Geoffrois
    2243   Nonlinear Estimation of DEGG Signals with Applications to Speech Pitch Detection
                  Kenneth E. Barner
    2247   Pitch Analysis Methods for Cross-Speaker Comparison
                  John. A. Maidment, M. Luisa Garcia-Lecumberri
    2250   Continuous Adaptation of Linear Models with Impulsive Excitation
                  Steve W. Beet, L. Baghai-Ravary
    2254   Quantitative Analysis of the Local Speech Rate and its Application to Speech Synthesis
                  Sumio Ohno, Masamichi Fukumiya, Hiroya Fujisaki
    2258   A Fast and Reliable Rate of Speech Detector
                  Jan P. Verhasselt, Jean-Pierre Martens

  SuA2L3 -- Acoustic Modeling II
    2262   Context Modeling and Clustering in Continuous Speech Recognition
                  Jean-Claude Junqua, Lorenzo Vassallo
    2266   Hierarchical Partition of the Articulatory State Space for Overlapping-feature Based Speech Recognition
                  Li Deng, Jim Jian-Xiong Wu
    2270   A Fuzzy Acoustic-phonetic Decoder for Speech Recognition
                  Olivier Oppizzi, David Fournier, Philippe Gilles, Henri Méloni
    2274   Syllable-level Desynchronisation of Phonetic Features for Speech Recognition
                  Katrin Kirchhoff
    2277   A Probabilistic Framework for Feature-based Speech Recognition
                  James Glass, Jane Chang, Michael McCandless
    2281   Modeling Context-dependent Phonetic Units in a Continuous Speech Recognition System for Mandarin Chinese
                  Jim Jian-Xiong Wu, Li Deng, Jacky Chan

  SuA2P1 -- General ASR Posters
    2285   JANUS-II: Towards Spontaneous Spanish Speech Recognition
                  Puming Zhan, Klaus Ries, Marsal Gavaldà, Donna Gates, Alon Lavie, Alex Waibel
    2289   Reduced Semi-continuous Models for Large Vocabulary Continuous Speech Recognition in Dutch
                  Kris Demuynck, Jacques Duchateau, Dirk Van Compernolle
    2293   Validating Different Flexible Vocabulary Approaches on the Swiss French PolyPhone and PolyVar Databases
                  Andrei Constantinescu, Olivier Bornet, Gilles Caloz, Gérard Chollet
    2297   Use of a Reliability Coefficient in Noise Cancelling by Neural Net and Weighted Matching Algorithms
                  Nestor Becérra Yoma, Fergus R. McInnes, Mervyn A. Jack
    2301   Likelihood Normalization Using an Ergodic HMM for Continuous Speech Recognition
                  Kazuhiko Ozeki
    2305   Dynamic Control of a Production Model
                  Laurence Candille, Henri Méloni
    2309   Speech Recognition Using Sub-word Units Dependent On Phonetic Contexts Of Both Training and Recognition
                  Hiroaki Hattori, Eiko Yamada
    2313   Hidden Markov Models Merging Acoustic and Articulatory Information to Automatic Speech Recognition
                  Bruno Jacob, Christine Senac
    2316   Creation of Unseen Triphones from Diphones and Monophones using a Speech Production Approach
                  Mats Blomberg, Kjell Elenius
    2320   Speaker-independent Dictation of Chinese Speech with 32K Vocabulary
                  Bo Xu, Bing Ma, Shuwu Zhang, Fei Qu, Taiyi Huang
    2324   Using Accent-specific Pronunciation Modelling for Robust Speech Recognition
                  J.J. Humphries, P.C. Woodland, D. Pearce
    2328   Dictionary Learning for Spontaneous Speech Recognition
                  Tilo Sloboda, Alex Waibel
    2332   Comparison of Channel Normalisation Techniques for Automatic Speech Recognition Over the Phone
                  Johan de Veth, Louis Boves
    2336   Anchor Point Detection for Continuous Speech Recognition in Spanish: The Spotting of Phonetic Events
                  Manuel A. Leandro, Jose M. Pardo
    2340   Cepstral Compensation by Polynomial Approximation for Environment-independent Speech Recognition
                  Bhiksha Raj, Evandro B. Gouvêa, Pedro J. Moreno, Richard M. Stern
    2344   Effect of Speech Coders on Speech Recognition Performance
                  B.T. Lilly, K.K. Paliwal
    2348   Wavelet Transforms For Non-uniform Speech Recogntion Systems
                  Léonard Janer, Josep Martí, Climent Nadeu, Eduardo Lleida-Solano
    2352   A Binaural Model as a Front-end for Isolated Word Recognition
                  Tsuyoshi Usagawa, Markus Bodden, Klaus Rateitschek
    2356   A New Speech Enhancement: Speech Stream Segregation
                  Hiroshi G. Okuno, Tomohiro Nakatani, Takeshi Kawabata

  SuA2S1 -- Multilingual Speech Processing II
    2360   Head Automata for Speech Translation
                  Hiyan Alshawi
    2364   Word Clustering with Parallel Spoken Language Corpora
                  Ye-Yi Wang, John Lafferty, Alex Waibel
    2368   Toward Translating Korean Speech Into Other Languages
                  Jae-Woo Yang, Youngjik Lee
    2371   VERBMOBIL: The Evolution of a Complex Large Speech-to-Speech Translation System
                  Thomas Bub, Johannes Schwinn
    2375   Translation of Conversational Speech with JANUS-II
                  Alon Lavie, Alex Waibel, Lori Levin, Donna Gates, Marsal Gavaldà, Torsten Zeppenfeld, Puming Zhan, Oren

  SuP1L1 -- Data-based Synthesis
    2379   Non-segmental Analysis and Synthesis Based on a Speech Database
                  Andrew Slater, John Coleman
    2383   Microsegment Synthesis - Economic Principles in a Low-cost Solution
                  Ralf Benzmüller, William J. Barry
    2387   Whistler: A Trainable Text-to-Speech System
                  X.D. Huang, A. Acero, J. Adcock, H.W. Hon, J. Goldsmith, J. Liu, Mike Plumpe
    2391   Generation of Multiple Synthesis Inventories by a Bootstrapping Procedure
                  Thomas Portele, Karl-Heinz Stöber, Horst Meyer, Wolfgang Hess
    2395   Modeling Segmental Duration in German Text-to-Speech Synthesis
                  Bernd Möbius, Jan P.H. van Santen
    2399   Autolabelling Japanese ToBI
                  Nick Campbell

  SuP1L2 -- Speaker Identification and Verification
    2403   General Phrase Speaker Verification Using Sub-word Background Models and Likelihood-ratio Scoring
                  S. Parthasarathy, A.E. Rosenberg
    2407   Unknown-Multiple Signal Source Clustering Problem Using Ergodic HMM and Applied to Speaker Classification
                  J. Murakami, M. Sugiyama, H. Watanabe
    2411   GMM and ARVM Cooperation and Competition for Text-independent Speaker Recognition on Telephone Speech
                  J.-L. Le Floch, C. Montacié, M.-J. Caraty
    2415   Selective use of the Speech Spectrum and a VQGMM Method for Speaker Identification
                  Qiguang Lin, Ea-Ee Jan, ChiWei Che, Dong-Suk Yuk, James L. Flanagan
    2419   Speaker Verification through Large Vocabulary Continuous Speech Recognition
                  Michael Newman, Larry Gillick, Yoshiko Ito, Don McAllaster, Barbara Peskin
    2423   Predictive Neural Networks in Text Independent Speaker Verification: an Evaluation on the SIVA Database
                  Andrea Paoloni, Susanna Ragazzini, G. Ravaioli

  SuP1L3 -- Acoustic Phonetics
    2427   Durational Characterstics of Hindi Consonant Clusters
                  Nisheeth Shrotriya, Rajesh Verma, S.K. Gupta, S.S. Agrawal
    2431   The Use of Wavelet Transforms in Phoneme Recognition
                  Beng T. Tan, Minyue Fu, Andrew Spray, Phillip Dermody
    2435   Acoustic Properties of Phonemes in Continuous Speech for Different Speaking Rate
                  Hisao Kuwabara
    2439   Prosodic Parameterization of Spoken Japanese Based on a Model of the Generation Process of F0 Contours
                  Hiroya Fujisaki, Sumio Ohno
    2443   A Logistic Regression Model for Detecting Prominences
                  Arman Maghbouleh
    2446   High-quality Prosodic Modification of Speech Signals
                  Beat Pfister

  SuP1P1 -- Perception of Vowels and Consonants
    2450   On the Syllable Structures of Chinese Relating to Speech Recognition
                  Jialu Zhang
    2454   Can a Moraic Nasal Occur Word-initially in Japanese?
                  Takashi Otake, Kiyoko Yoneyama
    2458   Perceptual Assimilation of American English Vowels by Japanese Listeners
                  W. Strange, Reiko Akahane-Yamada, B.H. Fitzgerald, R. Kubo
    2462   Context and Speaker Effects in the Perceptual Assimilation of German Vowels by American Listeners
                  W. Strange, O.-S. Bohn, S. A. Trent, M.C. McNair, K.C. Bielec
    2466   Examination of a Perceptual Non-native Speech Contrast:  Pharyngealized/Non-pharyngealized Discrimination by
           French-speaking Adults
                  Mohamed Zahid
    2470   Context-dependent Relevance of Burst and Transitions for Perceived Place in Stops: It's in Production, not
                  Roel Smits
    2474   The Perception of Morae in Long Vowels Comparison Among Japanese, Korean and English Speakers
                  Ryoji Baba, Kaori Omuro, Hiromitsu Miyazono, Tsuyoshi Usagawa, Masahiko Higuchi
    2478   Juncture Cues to Disfluency
                  Robin J. Lickley
    2482   Effects of Duration and Formant Movement on Vowel Perception
                  James R. Sawusch
    2486   Benchmarking Human Performance for Continuous Speech Recognition
                  N. Deshmukh, R.J. Duncan, A. Ganapathiraju, J. Picone
    2490   Intelligibility of Speech with Filtered Time Trajectories of Spectral Envelopes
                  Takayuki Arai, Misha Pavel, Hynek Hermansky, Carlos Avendano
    2494   Perceptual Use of Vowel and Speaker Information in Breath Sounds
                  D. H. Whalen, Sonya M. Sheffert
    2498   The Role of Neighborhood Relative Frequency in Spoken Word Recognition
                  Philippe Mousty, Monique Radeau, Ronald Peereman, Paul Bertelson
    2502   Transitional Probability and Phoneme Monitoring
                  James M. McQueen, Mark A. Pitt
    2506   Identification of Vowel Features from French Stop Bursts
                  Anne Bonneau
    2510   Listening in a Second Language
                  Z.S. Bond, Thomas J. Moore, Beverley Gable
    2514   Perception of Lexical Tone Across Languages: Evidence for a Linguistic Mode of Processing
                  Denis Burnham, Elizabeth Francis, Di Webster, Sudaporn Luksaneeyanawin, Chayada Attapaiboon, Francisco
                  Lacerda, Peter Keller
    2518   Acoustic Correlates to the  Effects of Talker Variability on the Perception of English /r/ and /l/ by Japanese
                  James S. Magnuson, Reiko Akahane-Yamada

  SuP2LP -- Closing Ceremony and Plenary Lecture
    2522   Natural Communication with Machines - Progress and Challenge
                  James L. Flanagan

  * Unavailable at time of printing